THE CULTURE CORNER

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“A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture, is like a tree without roots.”

 Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887 – 1940)

Every year in October we celebrate BLACK HISTORY MONTH. Black history is with us every second, minute, hour, week, month and year. Each month PANTHER NEWSLETTER’S CULTURE CORNER will attempt to enlighten you with what they never told you in your history class. Our story will be told right here – So enjoy the journey of clarification.

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Did you know…?

The continent of Africa covers nearly 12 million square miles (31 million sq. km). Africa could hold the land occupied by China, India, Europe, Argentina, New Zealand and the continental United States, with room to spare!

Africa is divided into over 40 different countries.

As of 1993, African people used more than 800 languages and regional varieties of a language, or dialects; but only 10 or so of those languages are spoken by cultural groups of more than a million people. In fact, most African languages are used by groups of fewer than 100,000 people.

The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest desert. It extends across Africa from the Atlantic to the eastern Sudan. Historically, the Sahara has hindered contact between the Mediterranean and Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Kalahari Desert is a large desert in south-western Africa that partially isolates southern Africa from the rest of the continent.

Nok was a western African iron age culture renowned for its artistry, which occupied what is today north-eastern Nigeria from about 900 BC to about 200 AD.

Kush was a wealthy and prosperous kingdom in the upper Nile basin, in some periods dominated and in others was dominated by pharaonic Egypt.

Meroe was the capital city of the ancient Napatan Empire which at one time rivaled Aksum.

Aksum was a powerful Christianised trading state in the Ethiopian highlands.

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TRIBUTE TO OUR S/HEROES

Red Cloud (Lakota: Maȟpíya Lúta), (1822 – December 10, 1909) was a war leader and the head Chief of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux), his reign was from 1868 to 1909. One of the most capable Native American opponents the United States Army faced, he led a successful conflict in 1866–1868 known as Red Cloud’s War over control of the Powder River Country in northwestern Wyoming and southern Montana. After the Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), he led his people in the important transition to reservation life.

Sitting Bull (1831 – December 15, 1890), also nicknamed Slon-he or “Slow”; was a Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux holy man who led his people as a war chief during years of resistance to United States government policies. Born near the Grand River in Dakota Territory, he was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him and prevent him from supporting the Ghost Dance movement.

Khama: The Good King of Bechuanaland (1837-1923). Khama distinguish his reign by being highly regarded as a peace loving ruler with the desire of advancing his country in terms of technological innovations. He instituted scientific cattle feeding techniques which greatly improved his country’s wealth and prestige.  During his reign crimes were known to be as low as zero within his country.

Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891 – January 28, 1960).  Her father was a Baptist preacher, tenant farmer, and carpenter. At age three her family moved to Eatonville Florida, the first incorporated black community in America, of which her father would become mayor. In her writings she would glorify Eatonville as a utopia where black Americans could live independent of the prejudices of white society.

Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born dancer, singer, and actress.  Nicknamed the “Bronze Venus,” the “Black Pearl”, and even the “Créole Goddess” in Anglophone nations, in France, Josephine has always been known simply as “La Baker.” Baker was the first African American to star in a major motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. She is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement in the United States (she was offered the unofficial leadership of the movement by Coretta Scott King in 1968 following Martin Luther King, Jr.’s assassination, but turned it down), for assisting the French Resistance during World War II and for being the first American-born woman to receive the French military honour, the Croix de guerre.

Yvonne Brewster OBE:  Founder of the Talawa Theatre Company.  Born in Kingston Jamaica, Yvonne Brewster came to the UK to study speech, drama and mime at the Rose Bruford College and the Royal Academy of Music. She was a pupil of Marcel Marceau. Subsequently she returned to Jamaica where she taught drama and produced and presented her own shows on radio and television. 

Here ends your history lesson for this month.

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 Log on for more CULTURE CORNER next month and remember…

“The earth has received the embrace of the sun and we shall see the results of that love.”

 Chief Sitting Bull

‘Til next month – Everyting Bless.

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One Response to “THE CULTURE CORNER”

  1. lil gilpin Says:

    From Lil Gilpin:

    Happy Birthday to Your success with Panther Newsletter. I can’t believe that it has been one year since you first published your initiative with the Panther Newsletter.

    I am sure that the Panther Newsletter has been an education not only for me but for many people, who look forward to reading all the information you publish in each edition.

    My favourite has been the Culture Corner and the stories.

    Love it all anyway.

    Lil x

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