©2010 Norman Samuda-Smith


 (Briefly – The part the West played in creating Haiti’s poverty)

(Aiming to keep Haiti in your hearts and minds)


Haiti was once the richest Caribbean island but is now the poorest country in the Americas because since it over-threw slavery known as the great Haitian Revolution (1791 – 1804), it has been deliberately kept in poverty.

Pre-revolutionary France benefitted the most and prospered financially from the ownership of Haiti/San Domingo, the greatest slave society of the day. The Haitians fought for their freedom and won a ten-year war, the bloodiest in modern history. They defeated the most powerful armies of that era, the Spanish, the French and the British. On January 1st 1804, African/Haitians declared their independence.

Haiti was a country based on freedom unlike the other countries in the Americas which were based on slavery. In Haiti’s 1805 independence constitution it stated: “Any person of African descent who arrives on its shores would be declared free and a citizen of the republic.”  So for the first time since western slavery began, black people were subjects of freedom and citizenship in a nation.

The French refused to recognise Haiti’s independence. The Americans, the British and other nations of the western world sided with France. Therefore Haiti was unable to thrive and grow as a nation. France then immediately demanded that African/Haitians pay compensation for French and other slave masters loss of earnings in the amount of 150 million French Francs. They backed this up with a naval blockade, preventing countries from trading with Haiti, and France finally threatened military re-occupation; Haiti refused to pay and held on.

In 1825, the republic was celebrating its 21st anniversary, there was joy on the streets of Port-au-Prince, but behind the scenes, due to the West blocking trade with Haiti, the economy was in trouble and the political leadership was isolated.  The country had to find a way to be accepted back into the world economy. Haitian President Boyer then made a serious error of judgement. He gave in to growing pressure and agreed to pay the money, while pleading poverty.

The French immediately jumped into action. They got banks, led by Rothschild, to raise a loan. One fifth of the money was retained by the banks as a fee for raising the loan in addition to enforcing high interest while complicating this for late payment. This French extortion bankrupted Haiti and it took the Haitians 100 years to pay off the loan. The money had to be taken from poor Haitians which led to Euro-Americans supporting the class inside Haiti whose role was to exploit the peasants, keep part of the spoils and pass the remainder to the white world; a new ‘slavery’.

Haiti was deliberately and unlawfully destroyed by this debt which led to its descent into financial and social chaos. The dream that was Haiti was destroyed by two of the most powerful nations on earth who couldn’t face up to the fact that Africans defeated them on the battlefield in their quest for the basic human right; freedom. The western media have appropriately decided that Haiti’s current crisis is no longer the flavour of the month and have failed to mention that a number of African countries have donated significant amounts of money to the earthquake appeal. Senegal have also said that any Haitian who wants to repatriate to Momma Africa, they will be welcome home and will be given land on top of that. They have also failed to mention that black organisations around the world are this minute continually working hard and campaigning that France should pay back Haiti the money they unlawfully took from them from 1825 to 1925. The value of that money in today’s figures amounts to 21 billion US Dollars. One doesn’t need to imagine how that money can help rebuild Haiti’s infrastructure, hospitals, medical care, welfare and education.

So now you get what you want: do you want more?




  • If you want to know more about: The Reparations: Haiti First Haiti Now! Campaign
    Log on to: and find out more.

To make a donation to the Haiti earthquake appeal check out United Haitians in the United Kingdom 


Til next month – Everyting Bless


*All rights reserved.  No part of this article may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior written permission of the writer Norman Samuda-Smith.*


One Response to “NORMSKI’S ARTICLE”

  1. Lileith Gilpin Says:

    The article on Haiti is all good information.

    I must say that Haiti was a country that I never spoke about until the earthquake.


Leave a Reply to Lileith Gilpin Cancel reply

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