THE CULTURE CORNER

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“A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture, is like a tree without roots.”

Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887 – 1940)

Every year in October we celebrate BLACK HISTORY MONTH. Black history is with us every second, minute, hour, week, month and year. PANTHER NEWSLETTER’S CULTURE CORNER will attempt to enlighten you with what they never told you in your history class. Our story will be told right here – So enjoy the journey of clarification.

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Not widely known, but true…

        Did you know?:

  • Africa’s original name is the Land of Ham – The term/name Africa came after a Roman General, Leo. S. Africanus led the attack which defeated Hannibal’s army in Carthage (North Africa, now Tunisia).  After the victory, in the General’s honour, the Roman Empire renamed the Land of Ham, Africa, after him.
  • The word: Laba-laba; to chat, gab, gossip, originates from the Daju languages of South-West Sudan – Meaning lib or lebe/to say, talk, tell.
  • The word Corral (an enclosure for cattle or livestock), used by the North American Cowboys, originates from the African word Kraal – The Bush Men of the Kalahari in southern Africa, for centuries have located their Kraals within their homestead or village; and they are surrounded by a palisade, mud wall or other fencing, roughly circular in form.
  • The United Kingdom can fit into Nigeria 11 times.

        THE BLACK MADONNA; THE BLACK CHRIST

The Saviours of Mankind from Buddha to Jesus were Black.  In fact, the earliest statues of the Virgin Mary and Christ in Europe as far north as Russia were black.  They are still worshipped today in parts of Europe:

One can find a Black Christ:

  • In France, the Cathedral of Millan.
  • In Germany, the Cathedral of Augsburg.
  • In Italy, the Church of San Francisco (at Pisa).

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TRIBUTE TO OUR SHEROES

Nephertiti (or Nefertiti), her name meaning “the beautiful one approaches” was the Queen of Ancient Egypt and one of the most beautiful women in history.  She was the chief wife to Pharaoh Akhenaten.  Nephertiti generally wore close-fitting dresses, but was also depicted naked.  In part this related to her role in the fertility cult.

To her native people, The Queen of Sheba was known as Makeda (960 BC – 930 BC); meaning beautiful.  She ruled Ethiopia and Saba in South Arabia.  Fascinated by tales of Israel and King Solomon, she travelled there to learn from him and adopted his religion Judaism.  Her greatest joy was their son Menelik.

Queen Amina of Zaria reigned over the Zazzua region (now known as Zaria in Northern Nigeria) for 34 years.  At a time when strength, courage and military prowess were traditionally associated with men, it was Amina who restored the pride of Hausaland. Usually pictured riding at the front of her army, Amina won battle after battle until she united the seven states of Hausaland and extended and secured its borders.

WRITERS AND FREEDOM FIGHTERS

Mary Prince was born in 1788 on a plantation in Bermuda in the Caribbean.  She was the first African woman to escape slavery and publish her experiences in England.  Her book about her life and experience of enslavement contributed to the abolition of the British slave trade.

Queen Nzingha began the first liberation movement in Angola, Central Africa.  She waged war against the Portuguese slave traders and despite their occupation of Angola, Nzingha maintained the resistance until her death in 1663.

Phillis Wheatleywas born in Senegal around 1753.  She was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761.  Purchased by John Wheatley, a tailor from Boston, Phillis was taught to read by one of Wheatley’s daughters.  Phillis studied English, Latin and Greek and in 1767 began writing poetry.  Her first poem was published in 1770.

BLACK WOMEN INVENTORS

  • Sarah Boone – The Ironing Board – April 26 1892
  • Mary Toland – Float operated Circuit Closer – April 26 1916
  • Mary J Reynolds – Hoisting/Loading Mechanism – April 20 1920
  • I.O. Carter – Nursery Chair – February 9 1960
  • Marie Van Brittan Brown – Home Security System; Utilizing T.V Surveillance – December 2 1969
  • Valerie Thomas – Illusion Transmitter – May 4 1980
  • Joan Clark – Medicine Tray – April 1 1987
  • Patricia Bath, M.D. – Apparatus for Ablating & Removing Cataract Lenses – May 17 1988
  • Joanna Hardin– Keyboard Stand – February 23 1993
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Here ends your history lesson for this month.

I trust each and every one of you enjoyed or are still enjoying your holidays.  For those of you celebrating Kwanzaa; Happy Kwanzaa and I pray your affirmations of the Nguzo Saba, (The Seven Principles) guides you to a happy and prosperous New Year – Jah Bless.

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Log on for more Culture Corner next month and remember…

“To educate the man is to educate an individual.  To educate the woman is to educate and liberate a nation.”

Malcolm X (1925 – 1965)

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‘Til next month:  Everyting Bless.

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One Response to “THE CULTURE CORNER”

  1. Keep it coming Uncle Norman, especially the Sheroes 🙂

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